A report published by independent watchdog organization Freedom House titled “Silencing the Messenger: Communication Apps under Pressure.” has revealed that in Africa, only South Africa and Kenya had complete Internet freedom in 2016.
Out of a score of 100, South Africa and Kenya rank at 25 and 29 respectively.
Internet penetration in South Africa is 52 percent, while in Kenya it’s 46 percent.
There were a total of 65 global countries studied in the survey. Among these, 16 were in Africa, including Angola, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Kenya, Libya, Malawi, Morocco, Nigeria, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Sudan, Tunisia, and South Africa.
Nigeria has partial Internet freedom due to its arrests of “netizens,” such as bloggers and ICT users who criticized President Jonathan Goodluck’s administration, while Uganda’s Internet freedom has gotten worse since June last year.
For Uganda, it is because the government blocked social media sites, including Facebook, Twitter, and WhatsApp.
Ethiopia no longer has any Internet freedom, after registering a score of 83 out of 100. It has an internet penetration levels is only 12 percent and it recently blocked access to the Internet following months of clashes between the police and the Oromo and Amhara ethnic communities.
Find the entire report here: https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/freedom-net-2016