Linux Penguin
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Are you new to Linux, are you finding it hard to adjust to the Linux environment  and are wondering where you can get an application for Linux that is similar to the XYZ program on Windows.

Sit back and relax, today we present yo you programs that could be considered roughly equivalent to certain popular Windows applications.

The Linux programs might not have all the features which can be found in Windows proprietary software, but again some may actually have more features than the windows software.

Windows App Linux App Description
Microsoft Office, OpenOffice.org OpenOffice, KOffice, Siag Office, Libre Office Office package
Word OOWriter, KWord, LaTeX Word Processing
Notepad, Wordpad, TheGun, EditPlus, SciTE KWrite, Kate, BlueFish, Gedit, Joe Text Editors
Access, dBase, Foxpro, Paradox Kexi, OOBase Database
Excel, Lotus123, QuattroPro OOCalc, KSpread Spreadsheet
Visio Kivio, yed Diagramming
PowerPoint OOImpress Presentation software
Microsoft Project Manager Imendio Planner, Kplato, MOOS Project Viewer, MrProject Project management
Outlook, Thunderbird + Lightning, Sunbird Kontact, BALSA,  Thunderbird +Lightning, Sunbird Personal information managers
Alcohol 120%, Discjuggler, Easy CD Creator, Nero Burning ROM K3b, XCDRoast, more CD burning
Quicken, Microsoft Money, TurboTax GnucAsh,  KMyMoney, CrossOverOffice with Quicken, lazy8ledger Accounting
ActiveSync SynCE Synchronization with Windows Mobile devices
WinEdt, TeXnicCenter Kile, Texmaker, LyX LaTeX IDEs
Veritas Backup Exec, Cobian Backup UniSon, Veritas Netbackup, more Backup
Google Desktop Beagle, Recoll, Google Desktop Desktop Search
Norton Ghost Partition Image, g4u, Mondo, dd Disk imaging
Norton Partition Magic QTparted,  GParted Disk partitioning
Disk Size Explorer File Light, Konqueror Disk usage analyzers
Filemon, Regmon syscalltrack system call tracking (file monitor & others)
WinMerge, SyncToy Meld, Unison, Synkron, rSync File synchronization
Windows Update, Add/Remove programs apt-get,  Aptitude,  portage,  rpm, urpmi,  yast,  yum,  Synaptic Every Linux distribution has an infrastructure to manage installed software which is quite different from Windows. For instance, all updates are handled by a single program. See package management.
WinRunner xautomation automating interactive applications
7-Zip, Winzip, Winrar Karchiver, File Roller, ark, hjsplit;command line tools Archivers
chkdsk fsck check your file system (and the hard disk beneath it) for errors
Daemon Tools mount, GMount-ISO ISO mounting
Disclib gWhere Disk cataloging programs
Dreamweaver, NVU, KompoZer OOWeb, more Web Design
Quark,  Quark Express, Microsoft Publisher Scribus DTP software
Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader Adobe Acrobat Reader,

Xpdf, Kpdf, Ghostview, Evince; more

PDF readers
Adobe Acrobat Distiller, PDFCreator CUPS-PDF, OpenOffice.org, kprinter — can convert to pdf. more PDF authoring
Adobe Acrobat PDF editor pdftk, pdfedit, pdfjam, pdf studio, more PDF editing tools
SilverFast xSane, VueScan scanning
FinePrint page-crunch,  mpage,  Kprinter,  psnup/PSutils,  pdfnup/PDFjam Document printing/reformatting tools
Windows Movie Maker, Adobe Premiere Elements, Multiquence Cinelerra, KDenlive,  LiVES, Kino,  AviDemux Video Editors
Windows Media Player, PowerDVD MPlayer, Xine, Totem, Kaffeine, VLC Video Players
Winamp, Sonique, iTunes, aTunes amaroK,  aTunes,  XMMS, noatun, RhythmBox,  xine will play aac and wma,Banshee Music Players
Videora thinliquidfilm Video converter
TMPGEnc DVD Author, Roxio DVDit Bombono DVD DVD authoring software
SIA Smaart Live BRP-PACU Sound analysis
OTSAV, OTS Turntables,  Serato,  Traktor, Virtual DJ, PC  DJ ,Mixxx,  UltraMixer Mixxx, UltraMixer Audio & video play out (DJ/presenter)
NoteWorthy Composer, MuseScore, LilyPond MuseScore,LilyPond Musical score typesetting
Microsoft Paint, Kid Pix, Tux Paint TuxpAint, KolourPaint Basic raster painting programs
Irfanview, ACDSee XnView,  GQView,  Mirage,  GThumb Image viewers
GuitarPro, TuxGuitar TuxGuitar Guitar tablature editors
Corel Draw, Adobe Illustrator Inkscape Vector graphics editors
Cakewalk/Sonar kmid, kmidi, Rosegarden MIDI
Audio Catalyst, dbpoweramp, CDex Grip, Audacity Audio Editors
Audacity, Cubase, CoolEdit,  GoldWave, Cakewalk/Sonar Ardour,  Rosegarden,  Audacity, GNUsound, Beast Digital audio workstation software
Adobe Photoshop,  Corel  Photo-Paint, GIMP, GIMPShop GIMP, GIMPShop,   Krita, Pixel  (non-free high quality), LightZone  (non-free high quality) Raster graphics editors
3D Studio MAX, Blender, Maya Blender, Maya, Softimage, K-3D 3D modeling software

Credit: Linux Questions